How the “Paul VI” Mass takes effect

If today the majority of masses are celebrated in French, its preparation dates back to 1963, during the Second Vatican Council. He took the mass name of “Paul VI” on behalf of the Pope at that time. Discover that His offering to believers is gradual, not sudden.

New Ordo Missae It was established by Pope Paul VI on April 3, 1969 with the Apostolic Constitution Missal Romanum (Apostolic Constitution promulgating the Roman Missal restored by the Second Vatican Council). But this is new Place an order it was not installed in a day, it was the fruit of the improvement carried out between 1963 and 1969. It also refers to the “liturgical movement” born of the impulse of Dom Guéranger (monk of Solesmes) and advocating a “renewed fervour”. Clergy and faithful for the liturgy in the early 20th century.

Thus, on December 4, 1963, the Constitution on the Holy Liturgy was voted (Sacrosactum Concilium), the first text adopted by the Second Vatican Council at the opening of the second session, was intended to change the liturgy then in place. Specifically, some of these reforms refer to the possibility of communion in both forms, the return of universal prayer, or the importance of assembly.

Inter oecumeni allows for the first time the celebration of Mass in front of the people, and is no longer ad orientem as it was until then.

1964 was particularly active for Paul VI, who continued to implement his new plan Place an order. In January 1964, he announced Motu ProprioSacram liturgiam (about the translation of liturgical texts) followed by the “Council for the Application of the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy”, appointed in February of the same year council, it is presided over by Cardinal Lercaro. the work of Council will be very fruitful because 439 events will result in the preparation and publication of new rites or liturgical books. In particular, the First Instruction is published : Inter ecumeni it makes it possible for the first time to celebrate the Mass in the vernacular in front of the people and already advertising orientation as ever.

March 7, 1965 left de facto a historic day for the church’s liturgical history: Pope Paul VI celebrates Mass in Italian facing the people for the first time in All Saints Church; Apart from the symbolic gesture, above all the words of the pope will remain famous:

This Sunday is a memorable date in the history of the Church, because the spoken language is officially included in the liturgical service. The church sacrificed for its language. Latin, a sacred, serious, beautiful, extremely expressive and elegant language. In order to reach everyone, it sacrificed centuries of traditions and, above all, language unity among different peoples for the sake of greater universality.

On May 4, 1967, Rome completed its liturgical reform by publishing a second Instruction that allowed the new canon to be read aloud and in the vernacular, which also reduced the number of arches and emphasized the suppression of certain gestures. The new liturgical reform Place an order seems ready, Paul VI gives his written approval and Apostolic Constitution in November 1968 after examining the text for the last time. Missal Romanum comes into force and is followed by what is today called the “new mass” or “missal Paul VI”.

Short Critical Examination

But opposition began to grow within the curia, which included two former cardinals, Bacci and Ottaviani. In June 1969, they visited Pope a A brief critical review of the New Ordo Missae. In this Brief OverviewClause 7General Enterprise highlighted: four weaknesses can be noted for those who wrote the text: “definition of the mass”; “The purpose of the Mass”; “The Essence of the Sacrifice”; and “victim execution.” This letter is spreading rapidly all over the world, in France the writer Jean Madiran publishes an exclusive translation. Routes.

Despite the refusal of those around him, Paul VI decided to make some changes in the paragraphs, but the general structure remains unchanged, and in November 1974, the day, as far as the act seems symbolic, is really the first Sunday of Advent, the mass ” Pius V “old rite” de facto is prohibited. After that, the “Mess of Paul VI” came into force.


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