What does the new immigration bill contain, a sensitive text for most?

CHRISTOPHE ACHAMBAULT / AFP Gerald Darmanin and Olivier Dussopt present the government’s immigration bill in the Council of Ministers this Wednesday.


Gerald Darmanin and Olivier Dussopt present the government’s immigration bill in the Council of Ministers this Wednesday.

POLITICS – After retirement, this is undoubtedly the most delicate project for the government. This Wednesday, February 1, Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin and Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt will present an immigration bill to the Council of Ministers – the third under Macron’s presidency – which is already unanimously opposed.

“We need strength and humanity (…) We cannot welcome everyone”Emmanuel Macron summarized in December Parisianwhen calling for “faster and better integration” given asylum. The concrete translation of this “at the same time” gives way to a text developed on two axes: the security aspect carried out by Gerald Darmanin and the work carried out by Olivier Dussopt.

Several aspects of the bill have been released over the past few months. In any case, it is enough to anger both the Republican right, which is increasingly radical on the issue, and the left, which condemns the conditions of admission of foreigners. Even within the majority, divisions are already felt.

Therefore, the equation promises to be very complicated for the executive in the absence of an absolute majority and already cut pensions. Its adoption may require triggering the constitutional weapon of Article 49.3. A quick overview of what we already know.

  • Expulsions: priority for offenders

This is the main part where half of the twenty-five articles of the bill come together: facilitating deportations, primarily of aliens who have already been convicted. “for crimes and treason punishable by imprisonment for ten years or more”.

The government wants “To reduce the scope of protection against decisions obliging a foreigner to leave French territory (OQTF) when he commits acts that seriously threaten public order, public security or national security”. In his viewfinder “guards” some foreigners benefit, especially those who have lived in France for more than 10 years. “Distance Braking”summarizes the executive power in the text sent to the State Council in mid-December.

Although the implementation rate of OQTFs, a recurring subject of controversy, is below 10%, the government wants to “Simplification of court rules” reducing the possible remedies against evictions from twelve to four. The “The share of foreign citizens in crime is more than twice their representation in the population (…)”, highlights the govt. In doing so, he assumes a connection between ‘security’ and ‘immigration’., whereas the practice has hitherto been reserved for the hard or extreme right.

On the other hand, the executive power did not hold for a while the measure mentioned by the Minister of Internal Affairs, Gerald Darmani, which provides for the granting of OQTF to asylum seekers as soon as their documents are rejected at the initial stage.

  • Reforms in the asylum system

Again, in order to carry out the deportation more efficiently, as well as to speed up the processes, a “structural reforms” asylum is granted. The state wants to expand the use of a single judge to the National Asylum Court (CNDA). “complex”. The creation of the text is also envisaged “territorial chambers for the right to asylum”whereas CNDA is currently located in the Paris region alone.

“France Asylum” locations It is intended to bring together agents from the French Office for Immigration and Integration (Ofii), the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (Ofpra) and the prefectures. Purpose: “You shortened the duration of the procedure by a few weeks”.

  • Regulate undocumented workers

The executive wants to allow undocumented workers who have been in the area for three years to get a residence permit. “Tense Work”, valid for one year in labor shortage sectors. A measure “experimental”It is planned until December 31, 2026. The list of missing professions still needs to be updated.

“Some in LR advocate the idea of ​​creating quotas to limit regulation. let’s discuss »Gerald Darmanin said on January 28 Parisian with outstretched hand to right, neg “unfounded fear” Marked by LR and RN from the mass settlement wave. Regulation “It will come only at the initiative of the foreign worker”according to the text, the existing procedure makes it a state ” dependence “ against the employer, justifies the executive power.

The draft law also envisages the creation of a multi-year residence permit “Talent – medical and pharmaceutical professions”Intended for qualified practitioners outside the European Union, “As soon as they are employed by a public or private non-profit health care facility”. The purpose of this permit, which gives the right to a residence permit for a maximum of four years “meeting the need to recruit qualified health workers” such as doctors, midwives, dentists and pharmacists.

The government also wants to allow asylum seekers access to the labor market “Persons most likely to receive international protection in France, given their nationality”thus exempting them from the six-month waiting period.

  • Integration: a minimum of French is required

He wants executive power “Make the first issue of a multi-year residence permit conditional on mastering a minimum of French”, where simple participation in language training is now required. The event has a purpose “Encourage foreigners who wish to stay permanently in the territory to become more involved in learning French”for “Encourage their integration into France”.

See also The HuffPost:

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